What you need to know

What does “spaying” your pet mean?

Spaying refers to a common surgical procedure known as an ovariohysterectomy. This procedure involves the removal of the uterus and both ovaries under general anesthesia so that your pet cannot have offspring.

When should your animal be spayed?

The most commonly recommended age to spay your animal is before the first or the second heat cycle to decrease the risk of breast cancer later in life.

What are the benefits of spaying?

  • Decreased chance of infected uterus and other reproductive diseases

  • Decreased chance of breast, uterine and ovarian cancers

  • Fewer behavioural problems (running away, fighting)

  • Less dogs and cats in the community since she will no longer be able to have babies.

Spay aftercare

To help your pet have a speedy recovery, ensure that she rests at home for 14 days while you monitor her incision site for any heat, pain, swelling or discharge.

This community education piece was prepared under faculty guidance by senior University of Calgary senior veterinary students Tatum Armstrong and Teryn Girard.